Animals are a diverse group of lifeforms that have visibly distinguished physical and behavioral characteristics. They inhabit almost every corner of the earth, from the freezing tundra to the scorching desert. Despite this great variety, all animals share some common characteristics.
Adapt Different Environments:
One interesting thing about animals is that they can adapt to a variety of different environments. For example, camels can survive in the desert by drinking very little water and storing the rest in their humps. Penguins can thrive in the coldest climates by huddling together and keeping warm.
Another interesting thing about animals is that they can communicate with each other in various ways. For example, dolphins use whistles and click to communicate with each other, while elephants use trunk signals and stomping to transmit messages. Some animals are also very clever and can be trained to do amazing things. For example, chimpanzees can be taught sign language, and elephants can be taught to paint pictures.
1. Penguins can’t fly, but they can swim well.
2. A baby kangaroo is the size of a grape.
3. Female lions do nearly all of the hunting for their pride.
4. Sloths sleep for up to 20 hours a day.
5. Sharks can sense a drop of blood in the water from up to a mile away.
6. Ostriches can run up to 40 miles per hour.
7. Raccoons are one of the few animals that can use their hands to open jars and cans.
8. Dolphins are one of the few animals that can see in color.
9. Beetles have two sets of wings – one on top of the other – that are usually covered by a hard shell.
10. A group of jellyfish is called a smack.
11. Cats with white fur and skin on their ears are very prone to sunburns.
12. Most elephants weigh less than the tongue of a blue whale.
13. Elephants can smell water from as far as three miles away: they have an amazing sense of smell.
14. Dolphins sleep with one eye open. One half of the brain will rest while the other stays alert for danger above water, such as sharks or boats, and helps them breathe more regularly when asleep so they don’t drown just in case they fall asleep underwater.
15. Rats can go without water longer than camels can.
16. A hummingbird’s heart beats up to 1,200 times per minute.
17. The world’s smallest mammal is the bumblebee bat which weighs less than a penny.
18. The biggest animal on land is the elephant.
19. The longest living land animal is the bowhead whale, which can live for over 200 years.
20. The fastest land animal is the cheetah, which can reach speeds of up to 70 miles per hour.
21. Camels can go for several days without water and weeks without food.
22. Gorillas are the only apes that live in family groups led by a dominant male (known as a silverback).
23. Koalas eat more than 500 different types of eucalyptus leaves – that’s about one-third of their total weight every day.
24. Penguins can drink salt water because they have a special gland that filters out the salt.
25. The world’s largest spider is the Goliath birdeater tarantula, which can weigh up to 6 ounces and have a leg span of up to 12 inches.