Thunderstorms have the potential to inspire the complete range of human emotions vividly with their grandeur display of natural fury. So, we have witnessed that in almost all spooky stories, the thunderstorms to set a sinister tone. Though the storms bring the relief we search for during hot days of summer. That’s why we have so much fascination with these torrents as they are complex to understand. So, let’s learn about the unknown territories of the thunderstorms:
Thunderstorms: Fuel For The Storm
When the environment gets hot, the water turns into the moist air. This warm, moist air acts as the fuel to thunderstorms. Without this constant supply of natural fuel, the storms can’t survive. When a column of warm air rises quickly through the atmosphere, it can pack a punch. The updraft strength depends on a greater temperature difference between various layers of the atmosphere. For the strongest atmosphere, the updraft speed can exceed 100mph.
Smooshed At The Top
The updraft wind will continue to rise until the rising air starts to get colder. At this point, the rising air spreads out, creating flat clouds that look like anvils. That’s when the distant thunderstorms look spectacular. In the case of Mammatus clouds, the formations of clouds look like bubble-shaped at the bottom of the anvils. These clouds have to make all these vivid formations to make the storms stronger.
Thunderstorm: Rain Drags Down The Storm
Over a dash of few moments, the raindrop-weight grows inside a developing thunderstorm. It becomes very heavy for the cloud to hold and updraft. After a point, the raindrops fall out of the updraft and come rushing down on the ground as precipitation.
As the rain falls it drags cool air with it towards the ground, that’s when you feel the cool breeze as the storm is about to hit or already started. Most of the downdrafts are usually weak. However, some of them are strong and can produce damaging winds at the surface level. But, when the supply of cool air of the downdraft cuts off warm airflow for the updraft, the storm dies. That’s when the rain starts.
Types Of Thunderstorms
Do you know that not every thunderstorm is the same? In nature, there are three primary types of storms. Most of the thunderstorms pulse up and rains for almost 30 minutes before dissipating. As one storm collapses, more storms crop up as a chain reaction. Next, come the multi-cell thunderstorms and squall lines are such example of this type of thunderstorms. Supercell is the third type of thunderstorm which has a rotating updraft. As the updraft twists, supercells survive for hours creating more severe weather conditions.
Thunderstorm: Hail Bounces
At a certain temperature in the middle of storms, the raindrops can begin to freeze while bouncing around inside the updraft. As the hailstone forms and moves up-down, it accumulates more liquid around itself. In this way, the hailstones grow, layer by layer. However, most times, the hailstones are not too big to cause any harm. But, there are many instances where the updrafts of the storms are intense. Those updrafts can support hailstones as large as softballs or even larger.